Recent Analytical Products, Consumer Price Index

The following table provides an overview of the most recent analytical products published alongside the Consumer Price Index (CPI). These documents are intended for a varied audience, ranging from users interested in general information to those requiring more technical or conceptual details related to the CPI. The list will be updated periodically to include latest releases.

Recent Analytical Products, Consumer Price Index
Release Date (yyyy-mm) Product
2023
2023-12 Shelter in the Canadian CPI: An overview, 2023 update
Description: This article is an overview of the treatment of Shelter in the CPI. It describes the concepts and methodologies related to the construction of that component and briefly discusses considerations to be taken into account when using the estimates.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2023-12 Measuring Pure Price Change: Exploring Shrinkflation in the Consumer Price Index
Description: This info-sheet explains how the CPI accounts for ‘shrinkflation,’ a form of price inflation that occurs when a smaller quantity of a product is sold for the same price as its previous larger size. Any change in the quality or quantity of a product or service is taken into account in the calculation of the CPI.
2023-11 The rise in prices for wheat-based food products, 2023
Description: This infographic details the food supply chain by focusing on the price movements for wheat-based food products, and the costs to move food products from producers to consumers.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2023-06 An Analysis of the 2023 Consumer Price Index Basket Update, Based on 2022 Expenditures
Description: This paper describes the composition of the CPI basket and the changes introduced with the 2023 basket update, based on 2022 expenditure weights.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2023-02 Measuring the price of digital computing equipment and devices in the Consumer Price Index
Description: A new approach to estimate the computer equipment, software and supplies index and the multipurpose digital devices index, which are sub-indices of the digital computing equipment and devices index, will be implemented in the calculation of the CPI. The new approach includes enhanced methodology and new data sources.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2023-02 The Canadian Consumer Price Index Reference Paper, 2023001
Description:This Canadian CPI Reference Paper provides an overview the Canadian CPI. It is intended for a varied audience, ranging from users interested in general information to those requiring more technical or theoretical details. As such, it explains all the important aspects of the Canadian CPI: uses and interpretations, scope, classifications, sample strategy, price collection, index calculation, quality change, weights, basket updates, reliability and uncertainty, special cases and treatments and history.
Main Product: The Canadian Consumer Price Index Reference Paper
2023-02 Detailed chronology of basket updates and changes to the Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Description:This table provides a detailed chronology of the various baskets implemented from the inception of the CPI.
2023-01 Enhancements to the publication of core inflation measures based on the trimmed mean (CPI-trim) and the weighted median (CPI-median) 2023
2022
2022-11 Behind the Numbers: What's Causing Growth in Food Prices
Description: Consumer prices for food purchased from stores rose to a 41-year high in October 2022, as measured by the CPI. This analysis explores the factors behind rising prices for food commodities, including shifting consumer demand trends, supply constraints and the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2022-11 The rise in prices for wheat-based food products
Description: This infographic details the food supply chain by focusing on the price movements for wheat-based food products in March 2022, and the costs to move food products from producers to consumers.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2022-08 CPI Fact Check: Measuring inflation during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond
Description: This document provides answers to the most common questions posed about the CPI in the context of COVID-19 and beyond.
2022-06 An Analysis of the 2022 Consumer Price Index Basket Update, Based on 2021 Expenditures
Description:This paper describes the composition of the CPI basket and the changes introduced with the 2022 basket update, based on 2021 expenditure weights.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2022-05 Measuring price change for used vehicles in the Canadian Consumer Price Index
Description:The Canadian CPI accounts for the sale of used vehicles by including a net expenditure weight for used vehicles in the index for the purchase of passenger vehicles. However, price changes for new cars were used as a proxy for used cars to ensure price change for this product was still covered to the best extent possible. The research paper outlines the proposed plan for introducing used vehicle prices, including data and methods. With the introduction of the 2021 CPI basket, a new approach for measuring price change in used vehicles is recommended to replace the previous method of measuring used vehicles price change by proxy.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2022-05 Methodological Supplement for the Monthly Average Retail Prices Table
Description:This document describes the methodology and data source for the monthly average retail prices table. This supplement also explains the difference between the CPI and average retail prices in context of inflation.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2022-01 Consumer Price Index and Inflation Perceptions in Canada: Can measurement approaches or behavioural factors explain the gap?
Description:Decisions by economic agents, such as firms and consumers, depend on their views about inflation. Consumers' views of inflation, are systematically higher than inflation measured by the CPI, and more so for certain demographic groups. While measurement factors can explain part of this gap, behavioral factors appear to play a larger role. This article examines these factors to explain the gap between CPI's inflation and inflation perceptions in Canada.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2022-01 Consumer Price Index: 2021 in Review
Description: This infographic details the annual average consumer inflation in Canada and the regions in 2021 while also examining the noteworthy average commodity movements of the year amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2021
2021-11 Adjusted Price Index and Monthly Adjusted Consumer Expenditure Basket Weights
Description:Using various sources of expenditure data, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Bank of Canada, has estimated monthly adjusted consumer expenditure weights that reflect shifts in consumption patterns as the COVID-19 pandemic evolves. The Adjusted price index has been updated to incorporate the 2020 basket weights and is now based on a Similarity-linked Fisher price index formula. The expenditure data cover all goods and services in the CPI, and provide snapshot estimates of expenditure weights for June, July, August and September 2021. These estimates can provide insight into the impact of COVID-19 on the headline CPI.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-08 The Representative Products of the Consumer Price Index
Description: This list consists of the representative products for which prices are collected and used in the calculation of CPI.
2021-07 An Analysis of the 2021 Consumer Price Index Basket Update, Based on 2020 Expenditures
Description:This paper describes the composition of the CPI basket and the changes introduced with the 2021 basket update, based on 2020 expenditure weights.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-07 The Consumer Price Index: Keeping up with Canadian Consumers
Description: This infographic presents the new expenditure weights and basket items for the 2021 update of the CPI basket of goods and services based on 2020 expenditures.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2021-05 The Consumer Price Index and COVID-19: A One-Year Retrospective
Description: A year into the pandemic, this article summarizes the impacts of COVID-19 on consumer inflation and highlights the important consumption factors that have shifted in the lives of Canadians.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-04 Technical Supplement for the March 2021 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the March 2021 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-03 Technical Supplement for the February 2021 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the February 2021 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-02 Technical Supplement for the January 2021 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the January 2021 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-02 Enhancements and Developments in the Consumer Price Index Program
Description: The CPI program evolves over time to incorporate innovations and adapt to changing circumstances. This paper aims to inform CPI users of plans for the next CPI basket update, and to highlight upcoming changes and enhancements to the program.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-02 A new approach for estimating the Computer Equipment, Software and Supplies Index in the Consumer Price Index
Description: With the release of January 2021 CPI data on February 17, 2021, the computer equipment, software and supplies index is updated with an enhanced methodology and new data sources. This index represents 0.42% of the 2017 CPI basket and is part of the recreation, education and reading component. Detailed documentation describing the new computer equipment, software and supplies index approach are available with the January 2021 CPI release.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-01 Technical Supplement for the December 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the December 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2021-01 Consumer Price Index: 2020 in Review
Description: This infographic details the annual average consumer inflation in Canada and the regions in 2020 while also examining the noteworthy average commodity movements of the year amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2020
2020-12 Technical Supplement for the November 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the November 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-11 Technical Supplement for the October 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the October 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-10 Technical Supplement for the September 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the September 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-09 Measuring Pure Price Change in a Constantly Changing World
Description: This infographic explains how the CPI reports pure price changes thanks to quality adjustment and constant quality principles.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2020-09 Technical Supplement for the August 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the August 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closures.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-08 Technical Supplement for the July 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the July 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closures.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-07 Technical Supplement for the June 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the June 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closure.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-07 Consumer expenditures during COVID-19: An exploratory analysis of the effects of changing consumption patterns on consumer price indexes
Description: Using various sources of expenditure data, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Bank of Canada, has estimated CPI basket expenditures that reflect shifts in consumption patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data cover the majority of CPI goods and services, and provide a snapshot estimate of expenditure weights for March, April and May, 2020. These estimates, updated to reflect recent expenditures during the pandemic and concurrent period of physical distancing, can provide insight into the impact of COVID-19 on the headline CPI.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-06 Technical Supplement for the May 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the May 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closures.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-06 Methodological Supplement for the Provincial Monthly Average Retail Prices Table
Description: This document describes the methodology and data source for the provincial monthly average retail prices table. This supplement also explains the difference between the CPI and average retail prices in context of inflation.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-05 Technical Supplement for the April 2020 Consumer Price Index
Description: A summary of methodological treatments as applied to the April 2020 CPI in response to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on price collection, price availability, and business closures.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-05 Canadian Consumers Adapt to COVID-19: A Look at Canadian Grocery Sales up to April 11
Description: An analysis of trends in Canadian consumer demand and sales using transaction data for grocery products amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This analysis includes Canadian grocery sales up to April 11.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-04 Canadian Consumers Prepare for COVID-19
Description: An analysis of trends in Canadian consumer demand and sales using transaction data for grocery products amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-02 The Integration of Web-Scraped Data into the Clothing and Footwear Component of the Consumer Price Index
Description: This paper describes the change to the method of collection and sample enhancements for the clothing and footwear component of the CPI.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-01 Enhancements to the Air Transportation Index in the Consumer Price Index
Description: This paper describes the changes in the methodology for measuring the air transportation index.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2020-01 Consumer Price Index: 2019 in Review
Description: This infographic details the annual average consumer inflation in Canada and the regions in 2019 while also examining the noteworthy average commodity movements of the year.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2019
2019-09 E-commerce and the Consumer Price Index: Measuring Inflation in a Digital Economy
Description: The rise of the digital economy presents new challenges to the measurement of price change, driven by the increasing popularity of online shopping and the availability of new consumer goods and services. Consumption patterns as well as the behaviour of online prices, compared to those collected in-store, must be considered in the context of consumer price inflation.
This analytical article explores the impact of e-commerce on the monthly CPI and discusses how price collection and methods are evolving in the context of an increasingly digitalized retail landscape.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2019-06 Development of a Consumer Price Index for Seniors
Description: This paper describes a measure of inflation as experienced by seniors in Canada for the period of January 2013 to August 2018. It defines a senior population, examines their spending behavior, and describes the construction of a Senior Price Index (SPI). An analysis by geography and by major consumer basket components is provided, as well as a comparison with the official Canadian CPI.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2019-04 New approach for estimating the Telephone Services Index of the Consumer Price Index
Description: This paper describes the changes in the methodology for estimating the telephone services index.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2019-02 New approach for estimating the rent component of the Consumer Price Index
Description: This paper describes a new methodology that Statistics Canada has adopted to measure the rent index.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2019-02 An Analysis of the 2019 Consumer Price Index Basket Update, Based on 2017 Expenditures
Description: This paper describes the composition of the CPI basket and the changes introduced with the 2019 basket update, based on 2017 expenditure weights.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2018
2018-08 Tariffs: No impact yet on consumer prices
Description: This infographic looks at the prices of select Canadian made and U.S. made consumer products for the period of July 2017 to July 2018.
Main Product: Statistics Canada - Infographics
2018-08 Internet Access Services Index Methodology in the Consumer Price Index
Description: This paper describes the methodology that Statistics Canada has adopted to measure the price change of residential Internet access services.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2017
2017-11 New approach for estimating the mortgage interest cost index
Description: This document offers information on changes to the Mortgage Interest Cost Index (MICI), which is one of the CPI components. It describes the new approach for estimating MICI price movements.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2017-09 Shelter in the Canadian CPI: An overview
Description: This article is an overview of the treatment of Shelter in the Canadian CPI. It describes the concepts and methodologies related to the construction of that component and briefly discusses considerations to be taken into account when using the estimates.
Main Product: Prices Analytical Series
2014
2014-12 Consumer Price Index basket contents organized according to goods and services
Description: This list represents the contents of the CPI basket, organized by goods and services
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