Sex, gender and sexual orientation statistics

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Gender Results Framework – Data tables

The Gender Results Framework (GRF) represents the Government of Canada's vision for gender equality, highlighting key issues.

Education and skills development

Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development.

More diversified educational paths and career choices
More diversified educational paths and career choices - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type, 2016 More information on Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type 100.0% 48.4% 51.6% Table 37-10-0171-01
Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type, 2019-2020 More information on Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type 100.0% 43.8% 56.2% Table 37-10-0163-02
High school completion rate by sex, 2016 More information on High school completion rate by sex 79.3% 77.7% 80.8% Table 37-10-0170-01
Reduced gender gaps in reading and numeracy skills among youth, including Indigenous youth
Reduced gender gaps in reading and numeracy skills among youth, including Indigenous youth - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
High school reading test scores, 2018 520.0 506.0 535.0 Table 37-10-0149-01
High school mathematics test scores, 2018 512.0 514.0 510.0 Table 37-10-0149-01
Equal lifelong learning opportunities and outcomes for adults
Equal lifelong learning opportunities and outcomes for adults - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Adults' literacy test scores, 2012 273.5 274.6 272.3 Table 37-10-0047-02
Adults' numeracy test scores, 2012 265.5 272.7 258.2 Table 37-10-0047-02

Economic participation and prosperity

Equal and full participation in the economy.

Increased labour market opportunities for women, especially women in underrepresented groups
Increased labour market opportunities for women, especially women in underrepresented groups - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Labour force participation rate, 2021 65.1% 69.6% 60.6% Table 14-10-0327-02
Employment rate, 2021 60.2% 64.3% 56.3% Table 14-10-0327-02
Reduced gender wage gap
Reduced gender wage gap - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Gender gap in median hourly wages, 2021 More information on Gender gap in median hourly wages 0.87 n/a n/a Table 14-10-0340-02
Gender gap in average hourly wages, 2021 More information on Gender gap in average hourly wages 0.89 n/a n/a Table 14-10-0340-02
Gender gap in median annual employment income, 2020 More information on Gender gap in median annual employment income 0.72 n/a n/a Table 14-10-0324-01
Gender gap in average annual employment income, 2020 More information on Gender gap in average annual employment income 0.73 n/a n/a Table 14-10-0324-01
Increased full-time employment of women
Increased full-time employment of women - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of workers in full-time jobs, 2021 81.6% 87.0% 75.6% Table 14-10-0327-03
Equal sharing of parenting roles and family responsibilities
Equal sharing of parenting roles and family responsibilities - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 12.5% 10.0% 15.0% Table 45-10-0014-02
Proportion of annual household income spent on child care, by economic family type, 2020 More information on Proportion of annual household income spent on child care, by economic family type 4.1% n/a n/a Table 11-10-0080-01
Better gender balance across occupations
Better gender balance across occupations - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of occupational group who are women, 2021 100.0% 52.7% 47.3% Table 14-10-0335-02

Leadership and democratic participation

Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making.

More women in senior management positions, and more diversity in senior leadership positions
More women in senior management positions, and more diversity in senior leadership positions - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of employees in management positions who are women, by management level, 2021 100.0% 64.4% 35.6% Table 14-10-0335-03
Increased opportunities for women to start and grow their businesses, and succeed on a global scale
Increased opportunities for women to start and grow their businesses, and succeed on a global scale - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size, 2018 More information on Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size   63.6% 20.7% Table 33-10-0191-01
Table 33-10-0192-01
More company board seats held by women, and more diversity on company boards
More company board seats held by women, and more diversity on company boards - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of board members who are women, by type of board, 2018 More information on Proportion of board members who are women, by type of board 100.0% 81.7% 18.3% Table 33-10-0218-01
Greater representation of women and underrepresented groups in elected office and ministerial positions in national and sub-national governments
Greater representation of women and underrepresented groups in elected office and ministerial positions in national and sub-national governments - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of seats held by women in national Parliament, 2021 100.0% 70.6% 29.4% Table 10-10-0137-01
Proportion of seats held by women in First Nations Band Councils, 2019 More information on Proportion of seats held by women in First Nations Band Councils   48.7% 27.4% Table 41-10-0048-01
Proportion of ministerial positions held by women in federal government, 2021 100.0% 51.4% 48.6% Table 10-10-0137-01
Proportion of Chiefs in First Nations communities who are women, 2019 More information on Proportion of Chiefs in First Nations communities who are women   62.5% 18.5% Table 41-10-0048-01
Increased representation of women and underrepresented groups as administrators of the justice system
Increased representation of women and underrepresented groups as administrators of the justice system - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women, 2021 More information on Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women 100.0% 56.2% 43.8% Table 35-10-0198-01

Gender-based violence and access to justice

Eliminating gender-based violence and harassment, and promoting security of the person and access to justice.

Fewer women are victims of intimate partner violence and sexual assault
Fewer women are victims of intimate partner violence and sexual assault - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former partner, 2018 More information on Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former partner n/a 36.1% 44.1% Intimate partner violence in Canada, 2018: An overview
Proportion of population who self-reported being sexually assaulted, since age 15, 2018 19.4% 8.2% 30.2% Table 35-10-0166-01
Fewer victims of childhood maltreatment
Fewer victims of childhood maltreatment - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of population who self-reported childhood maltreatment (before age 15), by type of maltreatment, 2018 More information on Proportion of population who self-reported childhood maltreatment (before age 15), by type of maltreatment 27.0% 26.1% 27.9% Table 35-10-0167-01
Fewer women killed by an intimate partner
Fewer women killed by an intimate partner - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator, per 100,000 population, 2020 More information on homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator, per 100,000 population 1.36 1.97 0.75 Table 35-10-0119-01
Table 35-10-0156-01
Increased police reporting of violent crimes
Increased police reporting of violent crimes - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of self-reported incidents of violent crime reported to police, past 12 months, by type of crime, 2014 28.3% 35.9% 22.7% Table 35-10-0120-01
Fewer Indigenous women and girls are victims of violence
Fewer Indigenous women and girls are victims of violence - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of Indigenous women and girls subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence, by Indigenous identity, 2018 More information on Proportion of Indigenous women and girls subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence, by Indigenous identity 55.0% 54.6% 54.9% Table 35-10-0168-01
Increased accountability and responsiveness of the Canadian criminal justice system
Increased accountability and responsiveness of the Canadian criminal justice system - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of sexual assaults reported to police that are deemed "unfounded", 2020 More information on proportion of sexual assaults reported to police that are deemed "unfounded" 8.9%     Table 35-10-0177-02

Poverty reduction, health and well-being

Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes.

Fewer vulnerable individuals living in poverty
Fewer vulnerable individuals living in poverty - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Prevalence of low income, by economic family type, 2020 More information on Prevalence of low income, by economic family type 9.3% n/a n/a Table 11-10-0136-01
Fewer women and children living in food-insecure households
Fewer women and children living in food-insecure households - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type, 2019 More information on Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type 10.6%     Table 13-10-0834-01
Fewer vulnerable individuals lacking stable, safe and permanent housing
Fewer vulnerable individuals lacking stable, safe and permanent housing - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of population in core housing need, by economic family type, 2016 10.6% 9.8% 11.4% Table 39-10-0050-01
Child and spousal support orders are enforced
Child and spousal support orders are enforced - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Collection rate, by type of beneficiary, 2019-2020 More information on Collection rate, by type of beneficiary 81.0% 81.0% 80.0% Table 35-10-0121-01
More years in good health
More years in good health - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Leading causes of death, showing age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population, 2020 More information on Leading causes of death, showing age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population 808.5 842.6 774.9 Table 13-10-0800-02
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth, 2015 to 2017 69.7 years 68.9 years 70.4 years Table 13-10-0370-01
Proportion of population that participated regularly in sport, 2016 26.7% 33.9% 19.7% Table 13-10-0602-01
Improved mental health
Improved mental health - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being, 2019-2020 More information on Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being 66.0% 69.4% 62.8% Table 13-10-0805-02
Improved access to contraception for young people and reduced adolescent birth rate
Improved access to contraception for young people and reduced adolescent birth rate - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of population aged 15 to 49 that did not use contraception among sexually active population not trying to conceive, 2015-2016 24.6% 24.9% 24.4% Table 13-10-0382-01
Adolescent birth rate (aged 15 to 19) per 1,000 women in that age group, 2020 n/a n/a 5.5 Table 13-10-0418-02

Other Statistics Canada gender indicators

Other Statistics Canada gender indicators

Earnings, wages and non-wage benefits
Earnings, wages and non-wage benefits - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Average hourly wage rate, employed population 15 and over, 2021 $30.03 $31.79 $28.20 Table 14-10-0340-01
Unpaid work
Unpaid work - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Daily average time spent in hours on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 3.0 hours 2.4 hours 3.6 hours Table 45-10-0014-02
Hours of work and work arrangements
Hours of work and work arrangements - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Number of employed (× 1,000) working part-time, population aged 15 and over, 2021 3,471.6 1,297.9 2,173.7 Table 14-10-0029-01
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in temporary jobs, aged 15 and over, 2021 1,965.8 947.7 1,018.1 Table 14-10-0072-01
Employment and unemployment
Employment and unemployment - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Proportion of workers in part-time jobs, 2021 18.4% 13.0% 24.4% Table 14-10-0327-03
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in management positions, aged 15 and over, 2021 1,664.5 1,071.9 592.7 Table 14-10-0335-01
Courts
Courts - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Canadian legislators by selected demographic characteristics and sex, 2016 100.0% 65.2% 34.9% Table 37-10-0207-01
Canadian judges by selected demographic characteristics and sex, 2016 100.0% 63.4% 36.6% Table 37-10-0208-01
Collection rate, by age of payor, 2019-2020 More information on Collection rate, by age of payor 81.0% 81.0% 80.0% Table 35-10-0122-01
Collection rate, by province and territory, 2019-2020 More information on Collection rate, by province and territory 81.0% 81.0% 80.0% Table 35-10-0123-01
Crimes and offences
Crimes and offences - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women Data source
Number of homicide victims, 2020 743.0 568.0 171.0 Table 35-10-0156-01
Number of homicide victims, by Indigenous identity, 2020 201.0 163.0 38.0 Table 35-10-0156-01

Features

Sustainable Development Goals and Gender Equality

Goal 5 - Gender equality of the UN Sustainable Development Goals is to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Gender in the international context

More information on select indicators

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