Consumer price index portal

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Consumer price index
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) represents changes in prices as experienced by Canadian consumers. It measures price change by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services.

The goods and services in the CPI basket are divided into 8 major components: Food; Shelter; Household operations, furnishings and equipment; Clothing and footwear; Transportation; Health and personal care; Recreation, education and reading, and Alcoholic beverages, tobacco products and recreational cannabis. CPI data are published at various levels of geography including Canada, the ten provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit, and select cities.

CPI News

Next release

The Consumer Price Index for March will be released on April 21.

The Adjusted Price Index for December 2020, January 2021 and February 2021 will be released April 12, 2021.

COVID-19 and the Consumer Price Index

Statistics Canada continues to monitor the impacts of the novel coronavirus (also known as COVID-19) on Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI).

A document entitled "Technical Supplement for the February 2021 Consumer Price Index" is available in the Prices Analytical Series (62F0014M) publication, with details on the imputations used to compile the February 2021 CPI.

Enhancements and Developments in the Consumer Price Index Program

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program evolves over time to incorporate innovations and adapt to changing circumstances. The Enhancements and Developments in the Consumer Price Index Program paper aims to inform CPI users of plans for the next CPI basket update, and to highlight upcoming changes and enhancements to the program.

Enhancement: resale housing prices incorporated into the Mortgage Interest Cost Index

With the release of the February 2021 CPI data on March 17, 2021, the Mortgage Interest Cost Index (MICI) is enhanced by incorporating the resale house price index from the Residential Property Price Index (RPPI) into its house sub-index. The MICI represents 3.57% of the 2017 CPI basket and is part of the shelter component of the CPI.

Detailed documentation is available in the “Technical Supplement for the February 2021 Consumer Price Index”, available in the Prices Analytical Series (62F0014M).

New data tables reflecting consumption patterns during the pandemic

Using various sources of expenditure data, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Bank of Canada, calculated adjusted consumer expenditure basket weights and an adjusted price index reflecting shifts in consumption patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Explore these data in the new tables, Monthly adjusted price index, provisional and Monthly adjusted consumer expenditure basket weights.

Personal Inflation Calculator

Personal Inflation Calculator

This Personal Inflation Calculator is an interactive tool that allows you to estimate your personal inflation rate based on your household expenses.

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

The Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool is an interactive dashboard that provides access to current and historical Consumer Price Index (CPI) data in a dynamic and customizable format.

An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI)

An Overview of Canada's CPI - thumbnail

The video "An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index" provides an overview of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change - thumbnail

The video "The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change" explains how and why the price change reported by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may vary from the prices Canadians see on the shelves. It tells the story of Joe and Izzy, and how they each perceive price change as compared with the CPI.

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

The online lecture "Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index" provides an introduction to Statistics Canada's definition and production of the Consumer Price Index, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services purchased by Canadian consumers change, on average, over a specified period of time.

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