Classifying Cannabis in the Canadian Statistical System

In order to properly record and portray the economic and social aspects related to the legalization of cannabis, Statistics Canada has had to update the agency’s classification systems such as the product classification system and industry classification system. The following represent the changes to the classification systems.

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Agriculture

NAICS industries

  • 111412 Cannabis grown under cover
  • 111995 Cannabis grown in open fields

NAPCS products

  • 2131111 Cannabis seeds, for non-medical use
  • 2131112 Cannabis seeds, for medical use
  • 2131121 Cannabis vegetative plants, for non-medical use
  • 2131122 Cannabis vegetative plants, for medical use
  • 2131131 Cannabis leaves, for non-medical use
  • 2131132 Cannabis leaves, for medical use
  • 2131211 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use
  • 2131212 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for medical use
  • 2131221 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use
  • 2131222 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for medical use

Manufacturing

NAICS industries

  • 312310 Cannabis product manufacturing

NAPCS products

  • 2131311 Cannabis oil, for non-medical use
  • 2131312 Cannabis oil, for medical use
  • 2131321 Cannabis extracts and concentrates (except oil)
  • 2131331 Cannabis-infused food products (except beverages)
  • 2131332 Cannabis-infused beverages
  • 2131341 Other cannabis products, n.e.c.

Wholesale trade

NAICS industries

  • 413410 Cannabis merchant wholesalers

NAPCS products

  • 5512111 Cannabis seeds, at wholesale
  • 5512112 Cannabis vegetative plants, at wholesale
  • 5512113 Cannabis leaves, at wholesale
  • 5512121 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, at wholesale
  • 5512122 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use, at wholesale
  • 5512123 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for medical use, at wholesale
  • 5512131 Cannabis oil, for non-medical use, at wholesale
  • 5512132 Cannabis oil, for medical use, at wholesale
  • 5512141 Cannabis extracts and concentrates (except oil), at wholesale
  • 5512151 Cannabis-infused edible products, at wholesale
  • 5512161 Other cannabis products, n.e.c., at wholesale
  • 5521112 Wholesale trade commissions, for cannabis products

Retail trade

NAICS industries

  • 453993 Cannabis stores

NAPCS products

  • 5611311 Cannabis seeds, at retail
  • 5611312 Cannabis vegetative plants, at retail
  • 5611313 Cannabis leaves, at retail
  • 5611321 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use, at retail
  • 5611322 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for medical use, at retail
  • 5611331 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use, at retail
  • 5611332 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for medical use, at retail
  • 5611341 Cannabis oil, for non-medical use, at retail
  • 5611342 Cannabis oil, for medical use, at retail
  • 5611351 Cannabis extracts and concentrates (except oil), at retail
  • 5611361 Cannabis-infused food products (except beverages), at retail
  • 5611362 Cannabis-infused beverages, at retail
  • 5611371 Other cannabis products, n.e.c., at retail
  • 5621112 Retail trade commissions, for cannabis products

Services

NAPCS products

  • 5141111 Postal services
  • 51412 Courier, parcel, and local messenger and delivery services
  • 64221 Research and development services
  • 6814191 Cannabis manufacturing services (new)
  • 7723131 Testing laboratory services
  • 84111 Prepared meals

Imports/Exports Products

The following are the most important HS codes related to cannabis.

Canadian Export Classification

  • 0602.90.90 Live plants, nes
  • 1209.99.00 Seeds for sowing, nes
  • 1211.90.10 Cannabis plants, herbs & seeds, used in pharmacy
  • 1301.90.10 Cannabis resins or oleoresins
  • 1302.19.10 Cannabis oil, extracts and tinctures
  • 3004.90.10 Medicaments for retail sale, containing cannabis or cannabinoids

Customs Tariff (Imports)

  • 0602.90.90.90 Live plants, nes
  • 1209.99.10.29 Seeds for sowing, nes
  • 1211.90.90.50 Cannabis plants, herbs & seeds, used in pharmacy
  • 1301.90.00.10 Cannabis resins or oleoresins
  • 1302.19.00.10 Cannabis oil, extracts and tinctures
  • 3004.90.00.21 Medicaments for retail sale, containing cannabis or cannabinoids

Raw Materials Price Index (RMPI)

  • 2131111 Cannabis seeds, for non-medical use
  • 2131112 Cannabis seeds, for medical use
  • 2131121 Cannabis vegetative plants, for non-medical use
  • 2131122 Cannabis vegetative plants, for medical use
  • 2131131 Cannabis leaves, for non-medical use
  • 2131132 Cannabis leaves, for medical use
  • 2131211 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use
  • 2131212 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for medical use

Industrial Product Price Index (IPPI)

  • 2131111 Cannabis seeds, for non-medical use
  • 2131112 Cannabis seeds, for medical use
  • 2131121 Cannabis vegetative plants, for non-medical use
  • 2131122 Cannabis vegetative plants, for medical use
  • 2131131 Cannabis leaves, for non-medical use
  • 2131132 Cannabis leaves, for medical use
  • 2131211 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use
  • 2131212 Fresh cannabis flowering tops, for medical use
  • 2131221 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for non-medical use
  • 2131222 Dried cannabis flowering tops, for medical use
  • 2131311 Cannabis oil, for non-medical use
  • 2131312 Cannabis oil, for medical use
  • 2131321 Cannabis extracts and concentrates (except oil)
  • 2131331 Cannabis-infused food products (except beverages)
  • 2131332 Cannabis-infused beverages
  • 2131341 Other cannabis products, n.e.c.

Supply and Use Product Classification, Input-Output Industry Classification

NAPCS Canada and NAICS Canada cannabis classes will be reflected in the next SUPC and IOIC updates beginning with reference year 2016.

Government

Canadian Classification of Functions of Government (CCOFOG)

  • 70311 Cannabis-related use of police services
  • 70334 Cannabis-related use of law courts, affairs, and services
  • 70343 Cannabis-related correctional services
  • 70735 Cannabis-related use of hospital services
  • 70762 Cannabis-related health prevention programs

Canadian Government Finance Statistics (CGFS)

  • 1142.4 Cannabis taxes
  • 1143.4 Remitted profits from cannabis sales
  • 11452.8 Cannabis licences and permits

Household expenditures

Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP)

  • 02.3.4.0.0 Narcotics – excludes cannabis for medical use
  • 06.1.1 Medicines – excludes cannabis for non-medical use
  • 11.1.1.2 Restaurants, cafés and the like

Education

Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP)

  • 01.040102 Cannabis processing and inspection
  • 01.069902 Cannabis production operations and management
  • 01.110402 Cannabis product development and breeding
  • 12.050002 Cooking with cannabis, general
  • 12.050302 Cannabis culinary arts/cannabis chef training
  • 44.050302 Cannabis health policy analysis
  • 51.150102 Cannabis abuse/cannabis addiction counselling
  • 51.229902 Cannabis public health, other
  • 51.999902 Cannabis health professions and related clinical sciences, other
  • 52.180402 Cannabis selling skills and sales operations
  • 52.199902 Cannabis marketing and marketing operations

Occupations

National Occupational Classification (NOC)

Examples of cannabis-related occupations.

  • 0822 - Managers in horticulture
  • 2222 - Agricultural and fish products inspectors
  • 8252 - Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
  • 8255 - Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
  • 8432 - Nursery and greenhouse workers
  • 9465 - Testers and graders, food and beverage processing
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