Terrestrial ecozones and ecoprovinces of Canada

This map outlines the boundaries of the 15 ecozones and 53 ecoprovinces of Canada. These ecological areas cover all of the area within the coastal boundaries of Canada.

Ecozones and ecoprovinces of Canada

Description for map

The title of this map is “Terrestrial ecozones and ecoprovinces of Canada.” This map outlines the boundaries of the 15 ecozones and 53 ecoprovinces of Canada. These ecological areas cover all of the area within the coastal boundaries of Canada.

On this map, a solid grey line is used to define the ecozone and ecoprovince boundaries. Each ecozone is identified with a unique colour. Ecoprovinces are subdivisions of ecozones and are identified with a unique numeric code, the first two numbers of the ecoprovince code indicates the ecozone. Ecoprovinces numbered 01.1 and 01.2 belong to the Arctic Cordillera ecozone, code 01, and are coloured purple. Ecoprovinces numbered 02.1 through 02.7 belong to the Northern Arctic ecozone, code 02, and are coloured blue. Ecoprovinces 03.1 through 03.3 belong to the Southern Arctic ecozone, code 03, and are coloured pale yellow. Ecoprovinces 04.1 through 04.3 belong to the Taiga Plains ecozone, code 04, and are coloured grey. Ecoprovinces 05.1 through 05.4 belong to the Taiga Shield ecozone, code 05, and are coloured brown. Ecoprovinces 06.1 through 06.6 belong to the Boreal Shield ecozone, code 06, and are coloured light brown. Ecoprovinces numbered 07.1 through 07.3 belong to the Atlantic Maritime ecozone, code 07, and are coloured yellow. Ecoprovinces numbered 08.1 and 08.2 belong to the Mixedwood Plains ecozone, code 08, and are coloured olive green. Ecoprovinces numbered 09.1 through 09.3 belong to the Boreal Plains ecozone, code 09, and are coloured mint green. Ecoprovinces numbered 10.1 through 10.3 belong to the Prairies ecozone, code 10, and are coloured pink. Ecoprovinces numbered 11.1 through 11.4 belong to the Taiga Cordillera ecozone, code 11, and are coloured dark blue. Ecoprovinces 12.1 through 12.4 belong to the Boreal Cordillera ecozone, code 12, and are coloured lime green. Ecoprovinces numbered 13.1 through 13.3 belong to the Pacific Maritime ecozone, code 13, and are coloured dark green. Ecoprovinces 14.1 through 14.4 belong to the Montane Cordillera ecozone, code 14, and are coloured light green. Ecoprovinces 15.1 and 15.2 belong to the Hudson Plains ecozone, code 15, are coloured red. Land areas outside of Canada are coloured light grey. Water is pale blue and major bodies, like oceans and bays, are named.

Sources:

Wiken, E.B., D. Gauthier, I. Marshall, K. Lawton and H. Hirvonen, 1996, A Perspective on Canada's Ecosystems: An Overview of the Terrestrial and Marine Ecozones, Canadian Council on Ecological Areas, Occasional Paper, no. 14, Ottawa; Marshall, I.B., Schut, P.H., and Ballard, M. 1999. A National Ecological Framework for Canada: Attribute Data. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Branch, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research and Environment Canada, State of the Environment Directorate, Ecozone Analysis Branch. Ottawa/Hull. http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/nsdb/ecostrat/1999report/index.html (accessed July 4, 2017).

Marshall, I.B., Schut, P.H., and Ballard, M. 1999. A National Ecological Framework for Canada: Attribute Data. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Branch, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research and Environment Canada, State of the Environment Directorate, Ecozone Analysis Branch. Ottawa/Hull. http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/nsdb/ecostrat/1999report/index.html (accessed July 4, 2017).

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