Housing conditions

 Chart 7 Proportion of dwellings in need of major repairs by Aboriginal identity, population aged 15 and over, 1996 and 2006

Aboriginal people more likely to live in houses requiring major repairs

The 2006 Census found that Aboriginal people were much more likely to live in dwellings that were in need of major repair. For First Nations people, 29% lived in a home in need of major repair, up from 26% in 1996. Métis people were the only identity group to see a reduction in the past decade. The proportion of Métis people in homes requiring major repair decreased from 17% in 1996 to 14% in 2006. The Inuit population showed the largest increase in the proportion of people in homes needing major repair. In 2006, the proportion rose to nearly 28% from 19% 10 years earlier. In 2006, 7% of the non-Aboriginal population were living in homes in need of major repair, compared to 8% in 1996.

Nearly half (45%) of First Nations people living on reserve in 2006 lived in homes that they identified as needing major repairs, compared to 36% a decade ago. With little change from 1996 to 2006, 17% of First Nations people living off reserve indicated that their homes were in need of major repairs.

Related data:

Related data for housing indicators by Aboriginal identity. Topic-based tabulations housing characteristics

Related data for housing indicators for Aboriginal identity, Aboriginal ancestry and registered Indian status populations 2006 Profile of Aboriginal Children, Youth and Adults

2006 Aboriginal Population Profile

Related articles:

2006 Census: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census

This article reveals that the number of people who identified themselves as an Aboriginal person has surpassed the one-million mark, and provides information on age distribution, Aboriginal languages, living arrangements, housing characteristics and geographic mobility. Separate data are provided for Inuit, Métis and First Nations people.

Aboriginal Population Profiles for Selected Cities and Communities

This product is a series of profiles for a number of census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and communities across Canada with a large Aboriginal population, either in numbers or share of the area's total population. The series aims to present a demographic and socio-economic profile of the total Aboriginal population living in these areas. Demographic Data as well as information on living arrangements of children, education, labour, income, mobility, housing, and health are highlighted. While most of the focus is on adults, there is also limited information provided on children. Data showing comparisons between Aboriginal groups are provided for selected variables, as are comparisons with the non-Aboriginal population. Findings are based on the 2006 Census and the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

Several articles in Canadian Social Trends.

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