Labour and Language of Work – 2021 Census promotional material

Help spread the word about 2021 Census data on labour and language of work in Canada. These data were released on November 30, 2022.

Quick facts

  • In the face of population aging and the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of health care workers increases by over 200,000 in five years to 1.5 million in 2021.
  • The construction industry, with over 1.3 million workers, continues to be an important employer for men, who work mostly as labourers and in skilled trades.
  • Growth in professional, scientific and technical services employment outpaces that of all other industries, with 1.5 million employed in 2021.
  • Four million Canadians are working in sales and service occupations.
  • The participation rate fell from 65.2% in 2016 to 63.7% in 2021 as more baby boomers near or enter retirement age.
  • From 2016 to 2021, a record 1.3 million new immigrants came to Canada seeking opportunities, boosting labour market growth.
  • Recent immigrants in 2021 experienced lower unemployment rates than earlier cohorts.
  • Participation rates increased from 2016 to 2021 for many racialized groups, with notable increases for Korean and West Asian Canadians.
  • Participation rates declined for First Nations people and Inuit as their labour force growth lags behind their population increases.
  • In Canada's biggest cities, employment rates in 2021 are highest among those in Quebec and the Prairies.
  • The information and communication technology sector is a key employer in six Canadian high-tech hubs, and employed more than 600,000 workers nationally in 2021.
  • In May 2021, there were 4.2 million people working at home, up from 1.3 million in 2016.
  • Working at home is most prominent in big cities and among people in professional occupations—with over 5% of teleworkers relocating from where they lived 12 months earlier.
  • Despite a record-high number and share of Canadians speaking a non-official language at home, English and French remained the languages of convergence in workplaces across the country as 98.7% of workers used one of these two languages most often at work. Overall, 77.1% of workers mainly used English at work, 19.9% mainly used French, and 1.7% used English and French equally.


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Post 1

#DYK? Healthcare and social assistance; construction; and professional, scientific and technical services accounted for nearly one third of all employment in Canada in 2021.

To learn more, check out our new #2021Census data:

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Post 1

In 2021, immigrants made up over one-quarter of Canada's core-aged labour force.

For more info from the #2021Census :

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Post 31

While more Canadians than ever speak a non-official language at home, 77.1% of workers mainly used English at work, 19.9 % mainly used French, and 1.7% used both equally.

Learn more from the #2021Census data:

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Web Images

Labour Tile (JPG, 111 KB)

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