Consumer price index portal

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Consumer price index
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) represents changes in prices as experienced by Canadian consumers. It measures price change by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services.

The goods and services in the CPI basket are divided into 8 major components: Food; Shelter; Household operations, furnishings and equipment; Clothing and footwear; Transportation; Health and personal care; Recreation, education and reading, and Alcoholic beverages, tobacco products and recreational cannabis. CPI data are published at various levels of geography including Canada, the ten provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit, and select cities.

CPI News

Next release

The Consumer Price Index for November will be released on December 15th.

November is Financial Literacy Month

Join us for our upcoming webinar, "Consumer Price Index: Understanding inflation, how it's measured and what it means for you," on November 30, from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m., Eastern time. We'll be sharing how we measure price inflation and how it may impact your financial decisions. Click here to register: Canadian Financial Literacy Database.

The Adjusted price index

The COVID-19 pandemic created an unprecedented situation where the behaviours of Canadians were significantly altered over a very short period of time, undoubtedly affecting consumption patterns. Statistics Canada has adapted to these changes in spending habits by developing the Adjusted price index in partnership with the Bank of Canada to estimate monthly basket weights that reflected shifting consumption patterns during the pandemic. Both the official CPI and the Adjusted price index will continue to play key roles in measuring our highly fluid economy and supporting the trajectory of Canada's post-pandemic economic recovery.

The adjusted price index for reference months June to September 2021 are available in table (18-10-0271-01) and the monthly adjusted consumer expenditure basket for reference months May to September 2021 are available in table (18-10-0264-01).

For more detailed information, consult the document entitled "Adjusted Price Index and Monthly Adjusted Consumer Expenditure Basket Weights."

Food Prices in the CPI

Since the onset of the pandemic, food prices have been impacted by factors such as weather, supply disruptions and shifting consumer demand, which in turn affects the pocketbooks of Canadians. Food is the second largest component of the Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI), with Canadians directing about 17% of their expenditures to food from stores and restaurants. Statistics Canada would like to provide more information on the data and methods used to calculate the food purchased from stores index in the CPI.

The Representative Products of the Consumer Price Index

Check out the list of representative products included in the CPI! What do you want to see on this list? Fill out our feedback form to let us know.

Personal Inflation Calculator

Personal Inflation Calculator

This Personal Inflation Calculator is an interactive tool that allows you to estimate your personal inflation rate based on your household expenses.

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

The Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool is an interactive dashboard that provides access to current and historical Consumer Price Index (CPI) data in a dynamic and customizable format.

An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI)

An Overview of Canada's CPI - thumbnail

The video "An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index" provides an overview of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change - thumbnail

The video "The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change" explains how and why the price change reported by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may vary from the prices Canadians see on the shelves. It tells the story of Joe and Izzy, and how they each perceive price change as compared with the CPI.

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

The online lecture "Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index" provides an introduction to Statistics Canada's definition and production of the Consumer Price Index, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services purchased by Canadian consumers change, on average, over a specified period of time.

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