Consumer price index portal

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Consumer price index
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) represents changes in prices as experienced by Canadian consumers. It measures price change by comparing, through time, the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services.

The goods and services in the CPI basket are divided into 8 major components: Food; Shelter; Household operations, furnishings and equipment; Clothing and footwear; Transportation; Health and personal care; Recreation, education and reading, and Alcoholic beverages, tobacco products and recreational cannabis. CPI data are published at various levels of geography including Canada, the ten provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit, and select cities.

CPI News

Next release

The Consumer Price Index for October will be released on November 17th.

The Adjusted price index will be available through the Prices Analytical Series on November 10, 2021.

Food Prices in the CPI

Since the onset of the pandemic, food prices have been impacted by factors such as weather, supply disruptions and shifting consumer demand, which in turn affects the pocketbooks of Canadians. Food is the second largest component of the Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI), with Canadians directing about 17% of their expenditures to food from stores and restaurants. Statistics Canada would like to provide more information on the data and methods used to calculate the food purchased from stores index in the CPI.

Digital economy services index

A new special aggregate price index for digital economy services is published in Table 18-10-0004-01 Consumer Price Index, monthly, not seasonally adjusted

This special aggregate is designed to facilitate the analysis of prices related to the digital economy services, and is comprised of consumer prices for cellular services, parcel post services, internet access services, ride sharing, broadcasting distribution services, video streaming and audio streaming. The series will be available back to January 2019 and is published at the national level.

The Representative Products of the Consumer Price Index

Check out the list of representative products included in the CPI! What do you want to see on this list? Fill out our feedback form to let us know.

CPI basket update

The new basket weights for the goods and services used in the calculation of the CPI are now available in table 18-10-007-01. The new basket weight reference period is 2020, based on national HFCE data, in addition to data from the Survey of Household Spending and provincial HFCE series. Alternative data for 2020 was used to account for pandemic-related shifts at more detailed levels of geography and CPI components.

To learn more about the basket update, consult An Analysis of the 2021 Consumer Price Index Basket Update, Based on 2020 Expenditures.

For the highlights of this basket update, check out The Consumer Price Index: Keeping Up with Canadian Consumers infographic.

Personal Inflation Calculator

Personal Inflation Calculator

This Personal Inflation Calculator is an interactive tool that allows you to estimate your personal inflation rate based on your household expenses.

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool

The Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool is an interactive dashboard that provides access to current and historical Consumer Price Index (CPI) data in a dynamic and customizable format.

An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI)

An Overview of Canada's CPI - thumbnail

The video "An overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index" provides an overview of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). It defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change - thumbnail

The video "The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Your Experience of Price Change" explains how and why the price change reported by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) may vary from the prices Canadians see on the shelves. It tells the story of Joe and Izzy, and how they each perceive price change as compared with the CPI.

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

Statistics Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index

The online lecture "Canada Training Institute – Consumer Price Index" provides an introduction to Statistics Canada's definition and production of the Consumer Price Index, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services purchased by Canadian consumers change, on average, over a specified period of time.

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