Food Price Data Hub

This data hub offers access to a centralized collection of information on food prices in Canada.

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): Statistics Canada's primary measure of inflation

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Selected geographical area: Canada

Consumer Price Index for food purchased from stores
Consumer Price Index for food purchased from stores - January 2024
Description: Consumer Price Index for food purchased from stores, 12-month percentage change.
Consumer Price Index for food purchased from stores, 12-month % change
  Index for food purchased from stores All-items index
January 2019 2.5 1.4
February 2019 3.4 1.5
March 2019 4.0 1.9
April 2019 3.0 2.0
May 2019 4.0 2.4
June 2019 3.9 2.0
July 2019 4.2 2.0
August 2019 3.9 1.9
September 2019 4.1 1.9
October 2019 4.1 1.9
November 2019 3.9 2.2
December 2019 3.2 2.2
January 2020 3.8 2.4
February 2020 2.4 2.2
March 2020 2.4 0.9
April 2020 4.0 -0.2
May 2020 3.5 -0.4
June 2020 3.0 0.7
July 2020 2.4 0.1
August 2020 1.6 0.1
September 2020 1.3 0.5
October 2020 2.3 0.7
November 2020 1.6 1.0
December 2020 0.5 0.7
January 2021 0.1 1.0
February 2021 1.3 1.1
March 2021 1.3 2.2
April 2021 0.1 3.4
May 2021 0.9 3.6
June 2021 0.7 3.1
July 2021 1.0 3.7
August 2021 2.6 4.1
September 2021 4.2 4.4
October 2021 3.9 4.7
November 2021 4.7 4.7
December 2021 5.7 4.8
January 2022 6.5 5.1
February 2022 7.4 5.7
March 2022 8.7 6.7
April 2022 9.7 6.8
May 2022 9.7 7.7
June 2022 9.4 8.1
July 2022 9.9 7.6
August 2022 10.8 7.0
September 2022 11.4 6.9
October 2022 11.0 6.9
November 2022 11.4 6.8
December 2022 11.0 6.3
January 2023 11.4 5.9
February 2023 10.6 5.2
March 2023 9.7 4.3
April 2023 9.1 4.4
May 2023 9.0 3.4
June 2023 9.1 2.8
July 2023 8.5 3.3
August 2023 6.9 4.0
September 2023 5.8 3.8
October 2023 5.4 3.1
November 2023 4.7 3.1
December 2023 4.7 3.4
January 2024 3.4 2.9

Notes:

Source: Table 18-10-0004-03

Consumer Price Index data visualization tool

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) data visualization tool provides dynamic and customizable access to current and historical CPI data.

Average Retail Food Prices Data Visualization Tool

Monthly Average Food Retail Prices Dashboard

The Average Retail Food Prices Data Visualization Tool allows users to explore average prices by building their own grocery basket.

Monthly Canadian average retail price of selected food items

Milk, 2 litres

$5.13
(December 2023)

White bread, 675 grams

$3.46
(December 2023)

White rice, 2 kilograms

$9.53
(December 2023)

Butter, 454 grams

$6.09
(December 2023)

Ground beef, per kilogram

$12.71
(December 2023)

Chicken breasts, per kilogram

$12.71
(December 2023)

Eggs, 1 dozen

$4.41
(December 2023)

Apples, per kilogram

$5.78
(December 2023)

Bananas, per kilogram

$1.67
(December 2023)

Potatoes, per kilogram

$5.08
(December 2023)

Tomatoes, per kilogram

$5.64
(December 2023)

Vegetable oil, 3 litres

$10.48
(December 2023)

Notes:

  • Users should exercise caution when comparing average prices over time. Factors such as product rotation, quality and quantity changes, and shifting consumer preferences can contribute to price differences from one month to another. Users should also use caution when comparing average prices across different provinces, because of variations in brands, quality and size among geographic areas.
  • Average retail prices are available by province in Table 18-10-0245-01 (Monthly average retail prices for selected products).
  • The Methodological Supplement for the Monthly Average Retail Prices Table provides more information on the collection and interpretation of these data.

Source: Table 18-10-0245-01

International price indexes

OECD - Inflation (CPI)

Find inflation data for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries.

Food supply chain prices, 12-month change

Crops
(September 2023)

-5.4% decrease

Livestock and animal products
(September 2023)

11.4% increase

Farm input: Machinery fuel
(Third quarter 2023)

-15.9% decrease

Farm input: Fertilizer
(Third quarter 2023)

-24.4% decrease

Farm input: Animal feed
(Third quarter 2023)

-8.1% decrease

Processing and packaging

Crop products
(January 2024)

-14.1% decrease

Animals and animal products
(January 2024)

6.5% increase

Plastic bags
(January 2024)

-25.4% increase

Plastic bottles
(January 2024)

3.2% decrease

Paperboard containers
(January 2024)

4.9% increase

Transportation, wholesale and retail

Truck transportation
(September 2023)

-2.8% decrease

Motor gasoline
(January 2024)

-12.6% decrease

Diesel fuel
(January 2024)

-22.5% decrease

Food wholesale markup
(September 2023)

-0.8% decrease

Grocery stores markup
(September 2023)

10.0% increase

Personal Inflation Calculator

Personal Inflation Calculator

The Personal Inflation Calculator is an interactive tool that allows you to estimate your personal inflation rate based on your household expenses.

Features

An Overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index

Video - An Overview of Canada's CPI

The video An Overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI) defines the CPI and looks at what it measures and how it is used.

Agriculture and Food Statistics

Agriculture and food portal

Agriculture and Food Statistics is a one-stop shop for statistical information on agriculture and food.

Eh Sayers podcast

Eh Sayers - Why Should You Care About Inflation?

In the Eh Sayers episode Why Should You Care About Inflation?, an economist explains why the CPI is an important tool for setting economic policy and monitoring economic conditions.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada supports the Canadian agriculture and agri-food sector through initiatives that promote innovation and competitiveness.

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