Gender, diversity and inclusion statistics

Gender, diversity and inclusion
statistics

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Quick facts

Sex

  • 61.4% - The proportion of Canadian women who participated in the labour force in June 2019, compared to 70.1% among men. (Source)
  • In 2016, less than 1/5 of all leadership roles were held by women. (Source)
  • 44% - The proportion of first-year STEM students aged 19 or less in undergraduate degree programs who were women, compared to more than 64% of students in BHASE, or non-STEM, programs in 2010. (Source)
  • 11% - The proportion of young women (aged 15 to 24) who have a mental health-related disability in 2017, compared to 5% of men. (Source)

Immigration

  • 321,065 - The number of immigrants admitted in 2018. (Source)
  • In 2016, 61.8% of new immigrants were born in Asia (including the middle east). Africa ranks second, as a source continent of recent immigrants to Canada (13.4%). (Source)
  • After 5 years in the country, the median income of refugees admitted in 2011 had increased by 29% to $21,700. (Source)
More quick facts on languages, Aboriginal people, disability and ethnocultural diversity

Languages

  • 19.4% of Canadians reported speaking more than one language at home, up from 2011 (17.5%). (Source)
  • 36 - The number of Aboriginal languages in Canada in 2016, with more than 500 speakers. The five most commonly reported languages were: Cree, Inuktitut, Ojibway, Oji-Cree, and Dene. (Source)

Aboriginal People

  • In 2017, among First Nations people living off reserve, 51% of unemployed women reported that not having enough education for available jobs had caused them difficulty in finding work compared to 40% of unemployed men. (Source)
  • In 2017, 16% of employed Métis men were self-employed, compared with 11% of employed Métis women. (Source)
  • In 2017, 1 in 5 Inuit women planning to enter the labour force in the next year reported that child care assistance would help them most to find a job. (Source)

Disability

  • In 2017, 22% of people aged 15 years and over have a disability which represents 6.2 million Canadians. (Source)
  • In 2017, women (24%) were more likely to have a disability than men (20%) in Canada. (Source)
  • In 2017, more than 1 in 10 youth aged 15 to 24 years old in Canada have a disability. (Source)

Ethnocultural diversity

  • 250 - The number of ethnic origins or ancestries that were reported by the Canadian population in 2016. (Source)

Gender Results Framework – Data tables

Education and skills development
Education and skills development - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type, 2016 (Table 37-10-0171-01) Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type, 2016 100.0% 48.4% 51.6%
Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type, 2017-2018 (Table 37-10-0163-02) More information on Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type, 2017-2018 100.0% 44.0% 56.0%
High school completion rate by sex, 2016 (Table 37-10-0170-01) More information on High school completion rate by sex, 2016 79.3% 77.7% 80.8%
High school reading test scores, 2015 (Table 37-10-0149-01) 527 514 540
High school mathematics test scores, 2015 (Table 37-10-0149-01) 516 520 511
Adults' literacy test scores, 2012 (Table 37-10-0047-02) 273.5 274.6 272.3
Adults' numeracy test scores, 2012 (Table 37-10-0047-02) 265.5 272.7 258.2
Economic participation and prosperity
Economic participation and prosperity - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Labour force participation rate, 2019 (Table 14-10-0327-02) 65.7% 70.1% 61.4%
Employment rate, 2019 (Table 14-10-0327-02) 62.0% 65.9% 58.2%
Gender gap in average hourly wages, 2019 (Table 14-10-0340-02) More information on Gender gap in average hourly wages, 2018 0.88 n/a n/a
Gender gap in median hourly wages, 2019 (Table 14-10-0340-02) More information on Gender gap in median hourly wages, 2018 0.85 n/a n/a
Gender gap in average annual employment income, 2018 (Table 14-10-0324-01) More information on Gender gap in average annual employment income, 2017 0.69 n/a n/a
Gender gap in median annual employment income, 2018 (Table 14-10-0324-01) More information on Gender gap in median annual employment income, 2017 0.70 n/a n/a
Proportion of workers in full-time jobs, 2019 (Table 14-10-0327-03) 81.1% 87.1% 74.4%
Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 (Table 45-10-0014-02) 12.5% 10.0% 15.0%
Proportion of occupational group who are women, 2019 (Table 14-10-0335-02) 100.0% 52.4% 47.6%
Leadership and democratic participation
Leadership and democratic participation - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Proportion of employees in management positions who are women, by management level, 2019 (Table 14-10-0335-03) 100.0% 64.7% 35.3%
Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size, 2013 (Table 33-10-0191-01, Table 33-10-0192-01) More information on Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size, 2013 n/a 66.0% 18.4%
Proportion of board members who are women, by type of board, 2017 (Table 33-10-0218-01) More information on Proportion of board members who are women, by type of board, 2017 100% 81.9% 18.1%
Proportion of seats held by women in national Parliament (House of commons) More information on Proportion of seats held by women in national Parliament 100% 71.0% 29.0%
Proportion of ministerial positions held by women in federal government (House of commons) More information on Proportion of ministerial positions held by women in federal government who are women 100% 51.4% 48.6%
Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women (Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada) More information on Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women   52.1% 42.9%
Gender-based violence and access to justice
Gender-based violence and access to justice - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator, 2018 (Table 35-10-0119-01, Table 35-10-0156-01) More information on Homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator 1.17 1.58 0.77
Proportion of self-reported incidents of violent crime reported to police, past 12 months, by type of crime, 2014 (Table 35-10-0120-01) 28.3% 35.9% 22.7%
Poverty reduction, health and well-being
Poverty reduction, health and well-being - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Prevalence of low income, by economic family type, 2018 (Table 11-10-0136-01) More information on Prevalence of low income, by economic family type, 2017 12.3    
Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type, Canada, 2017-2018 (Table 13-10-0385-01) More information on Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type, Canada, 2018-2019 8.7    
Proportion of population in core housing need, by economic family type, 2016 (Table 39-10-0048-01) 10.6 9.8 11.4
Collection rate, by type of beneficiary, 2017-2018 (Table 35-10-0121-01) More information on Collection rate, by type of beneficiary, 2017-2018 79 79 77
Leading causes of death, showing age standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population, 2018 (Table 13-10-0800-02) More information on Leading causes of death, showing age standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population, 2018 671.8 rate per 100,000 802.4 rate per 100,000 564.5 rate per 100,000
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth, 2017 (Table 13-10-0370-01) 69.7 years 68.9 years 70.4 years
Proportion of population that participated regularly in sport, 2016 (Table 13-10-0602-01) 26.7% 33.9% 19.7%
Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being, 2017-2018 (Table 13-10-0805-02) More information on Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being, 2017-2018 69.4 71.9 67.0
Proportion of population aged 15-49 that did not use contraception among sexually active population not trying to conceive, 2015-2016 (Table 13-10-0382-01) 24.6% 24.9% 24.4%
Adolescent birth rate (aged 15-19) per 1,000 women in that age group, 2017 (Table 13-10-0418-02) n/a n/a 7.9
Other Statistics Canada gender indicators
Other Statistics Canada gender indicators - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Average hourly wage rate, employed population 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0340-01) $26.92 $28.77 $25.03
Daily average time spent in hours on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 (Table 45-10-0014-02) 3.0 hours 2.4 hours 3.6 hours
Number of employed (× 1,000) working part-time, population aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0029-01) 3,482.7 1,193.2 2,289.5
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in temporary jobs, aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0072-01) 2,103.5 1,008.0 1,095.5
Proportion of workers in part-time jobs, 2018 (Table 14-10-0327-03) 18.7% 12.2% 25.7%
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in management positions, aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0335-01) 1,710.0 1,109.8 600.2
Number of homicide victims, 2018 (Table 35-10-0156-01) 651 487 164
Number of homicide victims, by Aboriginal status, 2018 (Table 35-10-0156-01) 140 96 44
Collection rate, by age of payor, 2017-2018 (Table 35-10-0122-01) More information on Collection rate, by age of payor, 2017-2018 79% 79% 77%
Collection rate, by province and territory, 2017-2018 (Table 35-10-0123-01) More information on Collection rate, by province and territory, 2017-2018 79% 79% 77%

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