Gender, diversity and inclusion statistics

Gender, diversity and inclusion
statistics

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Quick facts

Sex

  • 61.4% - The proportion of Canadian women who participated in the labour force in June 2019, compared to 70.1% among men. (Source)
  • In 2016, less than 1/5 of all leadership roles were held by women. (Source)
  • 44% - The proportion of first-year STEM students aged 19 or less in undergraduate degree programs who were women, compared to more than 64% of students in BHASE, or non-STEM, programs in 2010. (Source)
  • 11% - The proportion of young women (aged 15 to 24) who have a mental health-related disability in 2017, compared to 5% of men. (Source)

Immigration

  • 321,065 - The number of immigrants admitted in 2018. (Source)
  • In 2016, 61.8% of new immigrants were born in Asia (including the middle east). Africa ranks second, as a source continent of recent immigrants to Canada (13.4%). (Source)
  • After 5 years in the country, the median income of refugees admitted in 2011 had increased by 29% to $21,700. (Source)
More quick facts on languages, Aboriginal people, disability and ethnocultural diversity

Languages

  • 19.4% of Canadians reported speaking more than one language at home, up from 2011 (17.5%). (Source)
  • 36 - The number of Aboriginal languages in Canada in 2016, with more than 500 speakers. The five most commonly reported languages were: Cree, Inuktitut, Ojibway, Oji-Cree, and Dene. (Source)

Aboriginal People

  • In 2017, among First Nations people living off reserve, 51% of unemployed women reported that not having enough education for available jobs had caused them difficulty in finding work compared to 40% of unemployed men. (Source)
  • In 2017, 16% of employed Métis men were self-employed, compared with 11% of employed Métis women. (Source)
  • In 2017, 1 in 5 Inuit women planning to enter the labour force in the next year reported that child care assistance would help them most to find a job. (Source)

Disability

  • In 2017, 22% of people aged 15 years and over have a disability which represents 6.2 million Canadians. (Source)
  • In 2017, women (24%) were more likely to have a disability than men (20%) in Canada. (Source)
  • In 2017, more than 1 in 10 youth aged 15 to 24 years old in Canada have a disability. (Source)

Ethnocultural diversity

  • 250 - The number of ethnic origins or ancestries that were reported by the Canadian population in 2016. (Source)

Gender Results Framework – Data tables

Education and skills development
Education and skills development - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type, 2016 (Table 37-10-0148-01) Proportion of post-secondary qualification holders who are women, by field of study and qualification type, 2016 100.0% 48.4% 51.6%
Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type, 2016-2017 (Table 37-10-0112-02) More information on Proportion of post-secondary students who are women, by field of study and credential type, 2016-2017 100.0% 43.8% 56.2%
High school completion rate by sex, 2016 (Table 37-10-0147-01) More information on High school completion rate by sex, 2016 79.3% 77.7% 80.8%
High school reading test scores, 2015 (Table 37-10-0149-01) 527 514 540
High school mathematics test scores, 2015 (Table 37-10-0149-01) 516 520 511
Adults' literacy test scores, 2012 (Table 37-10-0047-02) 273.5 274.6 272.3
Adults' numeracy test scores, 2012 (Table 37-10-0047-02) 265.5 272.7 258.2
Economic participation and prosperity
Economic participation and prosperity - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Labour force participation rate, 2018 (Table 14-10-0327-02) 65.4% 69.6% 61.3%
Employment rate, 2018 (Table 14-10-0327-02) 61.6% 65.4% 57.9%
Gender gap in average hourly wages, 2018 (Table 14-10-0340-02) More information on Gender gap in average hourly wages, 2018 0.87 n/a n/a
Gender gap in median hourly wages, 2018 (Table 14-10-0340-02) More information on Gender gap in median hourly wages, 2018 0.86 n/a n/a
Gender gap in average annual employment income, 2017 (Table 14-10-0324-01) More information on Gender gap in average annual employment income, 2017 0.69 n/a n/a
Gender gap in median annual employment income, 2017 (Table 14-10-0324-01) More information on Gender gap in median annual employment income, 2017 0.70 n/a n/a
Proportion of workers in full-time jobs, 2018 (Table 14-10-0327-03) 81.3% 87.8% 74.3%
Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 (Table 45-10-0014-02) 12.5% 10.0% 15.0%
Proportion of occupational group who are women, 2018 (Table 14-10-0335-02) 100.0% 52.3% 47.7%
Leadership and democratic participation
Leadership and democratic participation - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Proportion of employees in management positions who are women, by management level, 2018 (Table 14-10-0335-03) 100.0% 64.9% 35.1%
Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size, 2013 (Table 33-10-0191-01, Table 33-10-0192-01) More information on Proportion of businesses majority-owned by women, by business size, 2013 n/a 66.0% 18.4%
Proportion of seats held by women in national Parliament (House of commons) More information on Proportion of seats held by women in national Parliament 100% 73.3% 26.7%
Proportion of ministerial positions held by women in federal government (House of commons) More information on Proportion of ministerial positions held by women in federal government who are women 100% 51.4% 48.6%
Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women (Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada) More information on Proportion of federally appointed judges who are women   54.2% 41.9%
Gender-based violence and access to justice
Gender-based violence and access to justice - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator, 2018 (Table 35-10-0119-01, Table 35-10-0156-01) More information on Homicide rate, by relationship to the perpetrator 1.17 1.58 0.77
Proportion of self-reported incidents of violent crime reported to police, past 12 months, by type of crime, 2014 (Table 35-10-0120-01) 28.3% 35.9% 22.7%
Poverty reduction, health and well-being
Poverty reduction, health and well-being - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Prevalence of low income, by economic family type, 2017 (Table 11-10-0135-02) 12.7 12.0 13.5
Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type, Canada, 2017-2018 (Table 13-10-0385-01) More information on Proportion of individuals living in households that are moderately or severely food insecure, by economic family type, Canada, 2017-2018 8.7    
Proportion of population in core housing need, by economic family type, 2016 (Table 39-10-0048-01) 10.6 9.8 11.4
Age-standardized mortality rate by leading cause of death, 2017 (Table 13-10-0800-02) More information on Age-standardized mortality rate by leading cause of death, 2017 668.3 rate per 100,000 806.9 rate per 100,000 557.8 rate per 100,000
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth, 2017 (Table 13-10-0370-01) 69.7 years 68.9 years 70.4 years
Proportion of population that participated regularly in sport, 2016 (Table 13-10-0602-01) 26.7% 33.9% 19.7%
Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being, 2017-2018 (Table 13-10-0805-02) More information on Proportion of adults who have high psychological well-being, 2017-2018 69.4 71.9 67.0
Proportion of population aged 15-49 that did not use contraception among sexually active population not trying to conceive, 2015-2016 (Table 13-10-0382-01) 24.6% 24.9% 24.4%
Adolescent birth rate (aged 15-19) per 1,000 women in that age group, 2017 (Table 13-10-0418-02) n/a n/a 7.9
Other Statistics Canada gender indicators
Other Statistics Canada gender indicators - Indicators
Indicator Total Men Women
Average hourly wage rate, employed population 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0340-01) $26.92 $28.77 $25.03
Daily average time spent in hours on unpaid domestic and care work, 2015 (Table 45-10-0014-02) 3.0 hours 2.4 hours 3.6 hours
Number of employed (× 1,000) working part-time, population aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0029-01) 3,482.7 1,193.2 2,289.5
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in temporary jobs, aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0072-01) 2,103.5 1,008.0 1,095.5
Proportion of workers in part-time jobs, 2018 (Table 14-10-0327-03) 18.7% 12.2% 25.7%
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in management positions, aged 15 and over, 2018 (Table 14-10-0335-01) 1,710.0 1,109.8 600.2
Number of homicide victims, 2018 (Table 35-10-0156-01) 651 487 164
Number of homicide victims, by Aboriginal status, 2018 (Table 35-10-0156-01) 140 96 44

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