Gender, diversity and inclusion statistics

Gender, diversity  and inclusion
statistics

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Quick facts

Sex

  • In 2016, there were more than 3.4 million girls and 3.6 million boys in Canada. According to a medium-growth scenario, it is projected that in 2031, the number of girls and boys in Canada will increase by half a million each (to 3.9 million and 4.1 million, respectively).
  • 61.5% of Canadian women participated in the labour force in August 2018, compared to 69.3% with men.
  • 593,400 — The number of women employed in management positions across Canada in 2017, compared with 1,123,900 men.
  • 56.4% of people enrolled in post-secondary programs are women.

Immigration

  • 1,212,075 — The number of new immigrants (landed between 2011 and 2016).
  • 61.8% of new immigrants were born in Asia (including the middle east). Africa ranks second, as a source continent of recent immigrants to Canada (13.4%).
  • 2 in 5 Canadian children have an immigrant background, meaning they are foreign-born or had at least one foreign-born parent.
More quick facts on languages, Aboriginal people, disability and ethnocultural diversity

Languages

  • 19.4% of Canadians reported speaking more than one language at home, up from 2011 (17.5%).
  • 36 — The number of Aboriginal languages in Canada with more than 500 speakers. The five most commonly reported languages were: Cree, Inuktitut, Ojibway, Oji-Cree, and Dene.

Aboriginal people

  • 1,673,785 — The number of persons having an Aboriginal identity in Canada.
  • 51.2% of children aged 0 to 4 in foster care in Canada are Aboriginal children.

Disability

  • 22% of people aged 15 years and over have a disability which represents 6.2 million Canadians.
  • Women (24%) are more likely to have a disability than men (20%) in Canada.
  • More than 1 in 10 youth aged 15 to 24 years old in Canada have a disability.

Ethnocultural diversity

  • 250 — The number of ethnic origins or ancestries that were reported by the Canadian population in 2016.

Gender Results Framework – Data tables

Education and skills development
Education and skills development - Data tables
Data table Both sexes Men Women
Proportion of post-secondary enrollments, 2015-2016 100.0% 43.6% 56.4%
Literacy - Average scores, by sex and age group 273.5 274.6 272.3
Numeracy - Average scores, by sex and age group 265.5 272.7 258.2
Economic participation and prosperity
Economic participation and prosperity - Data tables
Data table Both sexes Men Women
Labour force participation rate, population aged 15 and over, 2017 65.8% 70.2% 61.5%
Employment rate, population aged 15 and over, 2017 61.6% 65.4% 57.9%
Unemployment rate, population aged 15 and over, 2017 6.3% 6.8% 5.8%
Average hourly wage rate, employed population 15 and over, 2017 $26.16 $28.00 $24.28
Average time spent in hours on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex 3.0 2.4 3.6
Number of employed (× 1,000) working part time, population aged 15 and over, 2017 3,523.6 1,227.3 2,296.3
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in temporary jobs, aged 15 and over, 2017 2,137.2 1,033.3 1,103.9
Leadership and democratic participation
Leadership and democratic participation - Data tables
Data table Both sexes Men Women
Number of employed (× 1,000) population in management positions, aged 15 and over, 2017 1,717.3 1,123.9 593.4
Gender-based violence and access to justice
Gender-based violence and access to justice - Data tables
Data table Both sexes Men Women
Number of homicide victims, 2017 660 485 173
Number of homicide victims, by Aboriginal status, 2016 142 113 29
Poverty reduction, health and well-being
Poverty reduction, health and well-being - Data tables
Data table Both sexes Men Women
Age-standardized mortality rate by leading cause of death and sex 664.4 800.2 557.1
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth, by sex 70.4 69.4 71.4
Fertility rates, women aged 15 to 19 years (per 1,000 women) n/a n/a 7.9
Self-reported perceived heatlh, very good or excellent, population 12 years and over, by sex 61.5 62.2 60.8

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